The Nurse's News Letter seeks to keep the education community informed of monthly health campaigns, events and awareness activities related to pediatric health, community health and school health.
In addition, emerging health issues in the community and population health trends will also have updated information provided as well as changes in school legislation and mandates related to school health or immunizations.
Jan Olson, MSNEd, BSN, RN
Jan is the district registered nurse serving all schools in Molalla River School District. Jan has a been a district school nurse since January 2014 and has 10 years prior experience in public health. Jan is a 2004 graduate of Linfield School of Nursing's program where she earned her Bachelors of Science in Nursing and where she currently teaches as clinical adjunct faculty. Jan earned her Masters of Science in Nursing Education through Grand Canyon University in 2016, she is a member of the National Association of School Nurses, the Oregon School Nurses Association and the National School Health Association; she is licensed with the Oregon State Board of Nursing. Jan represents rural school districts at the state level as a member of the Oregon State School Nurse Advisory Group (SNAG).
National Breast Cancer Awareness Month Read more at The American Cancer Society in regards to Breast Cancer Prevention and Awareness. October 13th is Metastatic Breast Cancer Awareness Day National Down Syndrome Awareness Month. Read more at the National Down Syndrome Society
Health Literacy Month is a time for organizations and individuals to promote the importance of understandable health information. This annual, worldwide, awareness-raising event has been going strong ever since Helen Osborne founded it in 1999. Over the years health care organizations, community services, health literacy coalitions, government agencies, literacy programs, universities, and many others have hosted a wide range of Health Literacy Month events. These include how-to workshops for professionals, wellness programs for patients and the public, and educational offerings for students at all levels. The theme for Health Literacy Month 2016 is “Be a Health Literacy Hero.” It’s about taking action and finding ways to improve health communication. Health Literacy Heroes are individuals, teams, or organizations who not only identify health literacy problems but also act to solve them. You can help by recognizing and cheering on those you consider as Health Literacy Heroes. Click here for more information plus tools to help. Thanks for doing all you do to improve health understanding. National Bullying Prevention Month Read about efforts to stomp out bullying October 16th is World Food Day!
World Food Day is a day of action against hunger. On October 16, people around the world come together to declare their commitment to eradicate hunger in our lifetime. Because when it comes to hunger, the only acceptable number in the world is zero.
World Food Day celebrates the creation of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) on October 16, 1945 in Quebec, Canada. First established in 1979, World Food Day has since then been observed in almost every country by millions of people.
In North America, grassroots events and public awareness campaigns engage diverse audiences in action against hunger. From hunger walks and World Food Day dinners to meal packaging events and food drives, there are many ways for people to be a part of solutions to hunger.
Each year, advocates come together to raise awareness and engage Americans and Canadians in the movement to end hunger. Led by the FAO Liaison Office for North America, the World Food Day USA & Canada Network includes over 60 organizations, universities and companies that are working to achieve a zero hunger world.
The last week of October is Red Ribbon Week!
The National Family Partnership Organized the First Red Ribbon Campaign to provider awareness and commitment of the killing and destruction caused by drugs in America.
ZIKA VIRUS (CDC)
Zika virus disease (Zika) is a disease caused by the Zika virus, which is spread to people primarily through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. The most common symptoms of Zika are fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis (red eyes). The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting for several days to a week after being bitten by an infected mosquito. People usually don’t get sick enough to go to the hospital, and they very rarely die of Zika. For this reason, many people might not realize they have been infected. However, Zika virus infection during pregnancy can cause a serious birth defect called microcephaly, as well as other severe fetal brain defects. Once a person has been infected, he or she is likely to be protected from future infections.
Zika virus was first discovered in 1947 and is named after the Zika Forest in Uganda. In 1952, the first human cases of Zika were detected and since then, outbreaks of Zika have been reported in tropical Africa, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific Islands. Zika outbreaks have probably occurred in many locations. Before 2007, at least 14 cases of Zika had been documented, although other cases were likely to have occurred and were not reported. Because the symptoms of Zika are similar to those of many other diseases, many cases may not have been recognized.
In May 2015, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) issued an alert regarding the first confirmed Zika virus infection in Brazil. On February 1, 2016, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared Zika virus a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). Local transmission has been reported in many other countries and territories. Zika virus will likely continue to spread to new areas.
10 things Oregonians should know about Zika Zika is primarily mosquito-borne. It can also be sexually transmitted from men who develop Zika symptoms.
Two types of mosquitoes are known to spread Zika virus; neither is found in Oregon.
Symptoms of Zika include fever, rash, joint pain and redness of the eyes, although most infected people experience no symptoms.
Zika symptoms are usually mild in children and adults, and serious illness requiring hospitalization is uncommon.
Zika infection can cause birth defects, including microcephaly, when mothers are infected during pregnancy. The full range of birth defects caused by Zika is currently under investigation.
A handful of Zika cases have occurred in Oregon in recent years; all were associated with travel to areas with active Zika transmission.
There is no treatment or vaccine for Zika, but it can be prevented by using insect repellent, protecting your skin from mosquito bites, and avoiding unprotected sex with men infected with the virus.
The Oregon Health Authority (OHA) is working with local county health departments and Oregon health care providers to identify and test appropriate persons for Zika virus.
Public Health can arrange Zika testing for patients with certain symptoms and recent travel to affected areas, and for pregnant women without symptoms who traveled to Zika-affected areas any time during pregnancy.
The CDC recommends pregnant women postpone travel to areas where Zika is circulating; men who have recently traveled to a Zika-affected region and who have a pregnant partner should avoid unprotected sex for the duration of the pregnancy.
More Zika Virus Information from the Oregon Health Authority
Zika Virus Information for Travelers
Every May, FARE hosts a nationwide Food Allergy Awareness Week to shine a spotlight on the seriousness of food allergies and to improve public understanding of this potentially life-threatening medical condition. By increasing awareness, we can encourage respect, promote safety, and improve the quality of life of the 15 million Americans affected by food allergies and anaphylaxis. 2016 Theme: "Food Allergies: React with Respect" A food allergy reaction sends someone to the ER every 3 minutes. Your friends, family and coworkers can experience severe reactions to every day foods like eggs, milk, shellfish or nuts. Symptoms can include trouble breathing and low blood pressure; the most severe reactions can result in death.
Each year, the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America (AAFA) declares May to be "National Asthma and Allergy Awareness Month." It's a peak season for asthma and allergy sufferers, and a perfect time to educate your patients, family, friends, co-workers and others about these diseases. There is no cure for asthma and allergies, and many deaths are preventable with proper treatment and care. Ten people a day die from asthma. Asthma affects 24 million Americans. And 6.3 million children under the age of 18 suffer from asthma. More than 50 million Americans have all types of allergies – pollen, skin, latex and more. The rate of allergies is climbing. Please join us in raising awareness for these common diseases. Mental Health Month
Each year millions of Americans face the reality of living with a mental health condition.
During the month of May, NAMI and participants across the country are bringing awareness to mental health. Each year we fight stigma, provide support, educate the public and advocate for equal care. Each year, the movement grows stronger.
These issues are important to address all year round, but highlighting these issues during May provides a time for people to come together and display the passion and strength of those working to improve the lives of all Americans whose lives are affected by mental health conditions.
1 in 5 Americans will be affected by a mental health condition in their lifetime and every American is affected or impacted through their friends and family and can do something to help others.
The first week of May is Children’s Mental Health Awareness Week
Better Speech & Hearing Month Each May, Better Hearing & Speech Month (BHSM) provides an opportunity to raise awareness about communication disorders and role of ASHA members in providing life-altering treatment.
Healthy Vision Month When it comes to our health, we often visit our doctor or nurse regularly to make sure our bodies are healthy. But what about our eyes? They’re not always top of mind, but they’re just as important. During Healthy Vision Month, held each May, the National Eye Institute empowers Americans to make their eye health a priority and educates them about steps they can take to protect their vision: Get a dilated eye exam. Live a healthy lifestyle, including eating healthy foods, maintaining a healthy weight, managing chronic conditions, and not smoking. Know your family history. Use protective eye wear. Wear sunglasses. Taking these steps can help prevent vision loss or blindness from many eye diseases and conditions. In addition, dilated eye exams can detect problems early, when they’re easier to treat.
May is also… National Physical Fitness Month National Teen Pregnancy Prevention Month May 5th is Hand Hygiene Day! May 31st is World No Tobacco Day
April is National Autism Awareness Month
“Nearly a quarter century ago, the Autism Society launched a nationwide effort to promote autism awareness, inclusion and self-determination for all, and assure that each person with ASD is provided the opportunity to achieve the highest possible quality of life. This year we want to go beyond simply promoting autism awareness to encouraging friends and collaborators to become partners in movement toward acceptance and appreciation.” Learn more at The National Autism Society.
The first week of April is National Public Health Week
“The American Public Health Association champions the health of all people and communities. We strengthen the profession of public health; foster understanding, engagement and support for key public health issues; and directly influence public policy to improve global health.
During the first full week of April each year, APHA brings together communities across the United States to observe National Public Health Week as a time to recognize the contributions of public health and highlight issues that are important to improving our nation. For nearly 20 years, APHA has served as the organizer of NPHW. Every year, the Association develops a national campaign to educate the public, policymakers and practitioners about issues related to each year's theme.”
Learn more at American Public Health Association or Oregon Public Health Association
The last week of April is Every Kid Healthy Week and World Immunization Week Every Kid Healthy “Every Kid Healthy™ Week is an annual observance created to celebrate school health and wellness achievements and recognized on the calendar of National Health Observances. Observed the last week of April each year, this special week shines a spotlight on the great efforts our school partners are doing to improve the health and wellness of their students and the link between nutrition, physical activity and learning – because healthy kids learn better! Everyone in the country can get involved and be a part of the celebration to help support sound nutrition, regular physical activity and health-promoting programs in schools.” World Immunization Week World Immunization Week is an international campaign to close the gaps in vaccinating populations. The World Health Organization promotes Six Goals in Global Vaccination that are increasingly promoted during this week.
Influenza (flu) is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses. For some people, flu is a mild illness that leads to missed time from family, work and school. For others, it can lead to hospitalization and even death.
Every year in the United States, more than 200,000 people are hospitalized from flu complications and tens of thousands die, including young children. For information on this year’s season
CDC’s report on What You Should Know About The 2015-2016 Influenza Season
Oregon’s 2015-2016 Flu Surveillance Data
Symptoms Flu symptoms can last anywhere from 5 to 10 days, and include some or all of the following: Fever Cough Sore throat Stuffy or runny nose Body aches Headache Chills Fatigue Vomiting and/or diarrhea (more common in children than adults) Treatment Though the flu can make people feel pretty lousy, the vast majority of otherwise healthy people will recover from the flu at home with self-care: Rest Drink plenty of fluids Treat fever with acetaminophen or ibuprofen (do not give aspirin to children under 18 years of age) Stay home until at least 24 hours after you are free of a fever without taking fever-reducing medications.
When to Seek Medical Treatment
Use this decision chart to help decide when to seek medical care:
How influenza is spread
Flu viruses are spread mainly from person to person by coughing, sneezing, talking or singing. Sometimes people can become infected by touching something with flu viruses on it and then touching their mouth or nose. Getting vaccinated, covering coughs and sneezes, and handwashing are good preventative measures.
Anyone, even healthy people can get the flu. The best way to prevent the flu is by getting vaccinated. The CDC recommends flu shots for everyone 6 months of age and older.
Where to Get Vaccinated
Your doctor or clinic Pharmacies Community Health Clinics
People at Risk for Flu Complications
The following groups of people are more likely to experience serious complications from the flu that can lead to hospitalization or even death. If you have one of these conditions it is especially important to get vaccinated against the flu:
People with chronic medical conditions like asthma, diabetes and heart disease Age 65 and older Pregnant women
Influenza vaccines have a very good safety track record. Over the years, Americans have received hundreds of millions of doses of seasonal flu vaccine. The discomfort and possible serious complications from flu are far greater than any risks that come from the vaccine.
More about vaccine safety»
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To help reduce your risk of getting and spreading the flu, use these everyday disease prevention practices:
Wash your hands vigorously and frequently with soap and water. Alcohol-based hand sanitizers are OK if soap and water are not available. Cover your coughs and sneezes. Use disposable tissue or your sleeve, not your hands. Stay home from work, school or other places where there are a lot of people if you are sick.
World Health Organization
WHO Global Influenza Program
WHO Disease Outbreak News
Oregon Flu Hotline
Adapted from : Multnomah County Public Health (2016). Influenza. Retrieved from: https://multco.us/health/diseases-and-conditions/influenza
Images: Influenza.blogspot ; Edtunes